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Canon EOS 77D



Digital AF/AE single-lens reflex camera with built-in flash
Recording Media

SD/SDHC/SDXC memory cards
SD speed class-compatible
UHS-I compatible
High-speed writing is supported when a UHS-I compatible SD card is used.
Compatible with Eye-Fi Cards.
Multimedia cards (MMC) cannot be used (card error will be displayed).
Image Format

Approx. 22.3 x 14.9mm (APS-C Size)
Compatible Lenses

Canon EF lenses (including EF-S lenses, excluding EF-M lenses)
Lens Mount

Canon EF mount
Image Sensor

CMOS sensor (supporting Dual Pixel CMOS AF)

Effective pixels: Approx. 24.2 Megapixels
Total pixels: Approx. 25.8 Megapixels
Pixel Unit

Approx. 3.72 µm square
Aspect Ratio

3:2 (Horizontal: Vertical)
Color Filter System

RGB primary color filters
Low Pass Filter

Installed in front of the image sensor, non-detachable
Dust Deletion Feature

Self Cleaning Sensor Unit
Removes dust adhering to the low-pass filter.
Self-cleaning executed automatically (taking approx. 2 sec.) when power is turned on or off. Manual execution also possible (taking approx. 7 sec.).
After the cleaning is performed, the camera will automatically restart (power OFF to ON).
Dust Delete Data acquisition and appending
The coordinates of the dust adhering to the low-pass filter are detected by a test shot and appended to subsequent images.
The dust coordinate data appended to the image is used by the provided software to automatically erase the dust spots.
Manual cleaning
Recording System
Recording Format

Compliant to Design rule for Camera File system 2.0 and EXIF 2.3
Image Format

Still Image: JPEG, RAW (14 bit Canon Original)

Video: MOV (Full HD Movie: MPEG4 AVC/H.264*; Audio: Linear PCM), MP4 (Movie: MPEG4 AVC/H.264*; Audio: AAC) * Variable (averaged) bit rate
File Size

3:2 Aspect Ratio
Large: 6000 x 4000
Medium: 3984 x 2656
Small 1: 2976 x 1984
Small 2: 2400 x 1600
RAW: 6000 x 4000

4:3 Aspect Ratio
Large: 5328 x 4000*
Medium: 3552 x 2664
Small 1: 2656 x 1992
Small 2: 2112 x 1600*
RAW: 6000 x 4000

16:9 Aspect Ratio
Large: 6000 x 3368*
Medium: 3984 x 2240*
Small 1: 2976 x 1680*
Small 2: 2400 x 1344
RAW: 6000 x 4000

1:1 Aspect Ratio
Large: 4000 x 4000
Medium: 2656 x 2656
Small 1: 1984 x 1984
Small 2: 1600 x 1600
RAW: 6000 x 4000
Values for recording pixels are rounded to the nearest 100,000.
JPEG images are generated in the set aspect ratio.
RAW images are generated in [3:2], and the set aspect ratio is appended.
* Indicate an inexact proportion.
File Numbering

The following three types of file numbering method can be set:
File numbering method
Continuous numbering
The numbering of captured images will continue even after you replace the camera’s card.
Auto reset
When you replace the camera’s card, the numbering will be reset to start from 0001. If the new card already contains images, the numbering will continue from the last recorded image in the card.
Manual reset
Resets the file number to 0001, and creates a new folder automatically.
RAW + JPEG Simultaneous Recording

Simultaneous recording is possible using a combination of RAW and JPEG (Large).
Color Space

sRGB, Adobe RGB
Picture Style

Fine Detail
User Defined 1-3
In Basic Zone modes, [Auto] will be set for and of the mode, and [Standard] will be set for other modes.
In Creative Zone modes, you can select or set the Picture Style.
[Auto] is the default setting for [User Def. 1-3].
White Balance

Auto (Ambience priority/White priority)
Tungsten light
White fluorescent light
Custom (Custom WB)
* Effective also in twilight and sunset.
Auto White Balance

Option between ambience priority and white priority settings
Color Temperature Compensation

Blue/amber bias: ±9 levels
Magenta/green bias: ±9 levels Corrected in reference to the current WB mode’s color temperature.

Eye-level SLR (with fixed pentamirror)

Approx. 0.82x / 23.2° (50mm lens at ∞, -1m-1 dpt)
Eye Point

Approx. 19mm (At -1m-1 from the eyepiece lens center)
Dioptric Adjustment Correction

Adjustable from approx. -3.0 to +1.0m-1 (dpt)
Focusing Screen


Quick-return half mirror (transmission: reflection ratio of 40:60)
Viewfinder Information

Displayed with transparent liquid crystal
AF point information
Including Area AF frame
Spot metering circle
Electronic level
Aspect line
Flicker detection
Depth Of Field Preview

Provided with depth of field preview button
Exposure Control
Metering Modes

7560-pixel RGB+IR metering sensor
63-zone (9 x 7) metering
(1) Evaluative metering (linked to all AF points)
(2) Partial metering (center, approx. 6.0% of viewfinder)
(3) Spot metering (center, approx. 3.5% of viewfinder)
(4) Center-weighted average metering
Metering Range

EV 1-20 (room temperature, ISO 100, evaluative metering)
Exposure Control Systems

Creative Zone
Program AE (Shiftable)
Shutter-priority AE
Aperture-priority AE
Manual exposure (including bulb)
Basic Zone
Scene Intelligent Auto (Program AE/ non-shiftable)
Flash Off
Creative Auto
Special Scene
Group Photo
Night Portrait
Handheld Night Scene
HDR Backlight Control
Creative Filters
Grainy B/W
Soft Focus
Fish-eye Effect
Water Painting Effect
Toy Camera Effect
Miniature Effect
HDR Art Standard
HDR Art Vivid
HDR Art Bold
HDR Art Embossed
AE Lock

Auto AE lock
In the One-Shot AF mode with evaluative metering, AE lock takes effect when focus is achieved.
Manual AE lock
In the P, Tv, Av and M modes, enabled with the AE lock button. (Press again to update.)
Possible with all metering modes.

Vertical-travel, mechanical, focal-plane shutter with all speeds electronically-controlled
Shutter Speeds

1/4000 to 30 sec., bulb (total shutter speed range. Available range varies by shooting mode.)
X-sync at 1/200 sec.
Shutter Release

Soft-touch electromagnetic release
Self Timer

10-sec. or 2-sec. delay
Shutter Lag Time

With SW-1 ON, time lag between SW-2 ON and start of exposure: approx. 0.070 sec.
Time lag between simultaneous SW-1/SW-2 ON and start of exposure: approx. 0.250 sec.
Time lag with the aperture stopped down by 3 stops or less from the open aperture. Excludes AF operation time.
Built in Flash

Auto pop-up, retractable built-in flash at the pentamirror
Flash Metering System

E-TTL II autoflash with all EX Series Speedlites
Guide Number

Approx. 39.4 / 12 (at ISO 100 in feet / meters)
Flash Coverage

Up to approx. 17mm focal length (equivalent to approx. 28mm in 135 format)
FE Lock

Flash Exposure Compensation

±2 stops in 1/3 – or 1/2 – stop increments
Flash exposure compensation for built-in flash and external Speedlite can be set from the camera.
External Speedlite
Flash Metering System

E-TTL II autoflash with all EX Series Speedlites
Flash Exposure Compensation

±2 stops in 1/3- or 1/2-stop increments
FE Lock

FE Lock

External Flash Settings
External flash control
Flash firing, E-TTL II metering, Flash mode, Wireless functions, Flash zoom, Shutter synchronization, Flash exposure compensation, Flash exposure bracketing and Clear settings.
The radio wireless flash functions can be set from the camera.
External flash Custom Function setting
The setting options for both (1) and (2) will differ depending on the Speedlite used.
Drive System
Drive Modes and Continuous Shooting Speed during Viewfinder Shooting

Single shooting
High-speed continuous shooting
Max. approx. 6.0 fps.
Maximum continuous shooting speed with 1/500 sec. or faster shutter speed, maximum aperture (varies depending on the lens), Anti-flicker shooting set to Disable, with a fully-charged Battery Pack LP-E17 and at room temperature (73°F/23°C).
With the AF mode set to One-Shot AF and the Image Stabilizer turned off when using the following lenses: EF 300mm f/4L IS USM, EF 28-135mm f/3.5-5.6 IS USM, EF 75-300mm f/4-5.6 IS USM, EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS USM.
Low-speed continuous shooting
Max. approx. 3.0 fps
Self-timer: 10 sec./remote control
2 sec. self-timer
Continuous shooting after 10-sec. self-timer (2 to 10 shots)
Live View Functions
Shooting Modes

Still photo shooting and video shooting

Dual Pixel CMOS AF
Dual Pixel CMOS AF is possible with all EF and EF-S lenses.
Contrast AF is not provided.
Manual focus
Magnifying the image by 5x or 10x for manual focus possible.
Metering Modes

Real-time metering with image sensor
AE lock possible. The metering timer can be changed.
Evaluative metering (315-zone)
Partial metering (center, approx. 6.0% of viewfinder)
Spot metering (center, approx. 2.6% of viewfinder)
Center-weighted average metering
AE lock possible. The active metering timer can be changed.
Metering Range

EV 0-20 (room temperature, ISO 100, evaluative metering)
Grid Display

Exposure Simulation

±3 stop increments
Video Shooting
File Format

Video: MPEG-4 AVC / H.264
Variable (averaged) bit rate
Audio: AAC
MOV: LL-I (FHD 29.98, time-lapse movies only)

Dual Pixel CMOS AF
Contrast AF is not provided.
Manual focus
Magnifying the image by 5x or 10x for manual focus possible (not possible during movie shooting).

Full range (0-255)
LCD Monitor

TFT color, liquid-crystal monitor
Monitor Size

3.0-inch (screen aspect ratio of 3:2)
Approx. 3.03 in./7.70cm diagonal (approx. 2.51 in./6.37cm width, approx. 1.67 in/4.25cm height)

Approx. 1.04 million dots

Approx. 95%*
* When the aspect ratio is 16:9, vertical viewfinder coverage is approx. 93%.
Brightness Control

Adjustable to one of seven brightness levels

Clear View LCD II
Anti-smudge coating applied.
Anti-reflection coating not applied.
Interface Languages

25 (English, German, French, Dutch, Danish, Portuguese, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Swedish, Spanish, Greek, Russian, Polish, Czech, Hungarian, Romanian, Ukrainian, Turkish, Arabic, Thai, Simplified/Traditional Chinese, Korean, Japanese)
Tilt Display
Display Format

Single-image display
No information display
Basic information display
Detailed shooting information display
Basic shooting information
Lens information and RGB histogram
White balance
Picture Style and sharpness
Contrast, color saturation and color tone
Color space and noise reduction
Lens aberration correction
GPS information (when GPS Receiver is used)
Index display
Highlight Alert

With detailed information display, overexposed highlight areas with no image data will blink

Brightness and RGB
Quick Control Function

Pressing the Quick Control button displays the Quick Control screen during viewfinder shooting, Live View shooting, movie shooting and playback.

After selecting an item, you can select contents by operating the Main Dial.
Image Protection and Erase

Single image (select image)
Select range
All images in a folder
All images in a card
All found images (only during image search)

Except protected images
Select image to erase
Select range
All images in a folder
All images in a card
All found images (only during image search)
Direct Printing
Compatible Printers

PictBridge-compatible printers (wireless LAN only)
Printable Images

JPEG images compliant to Design rule for Camera File System
RAW images can be printed.
Movies cannot be printed.
DPOF: Digital Print Order Format

Complies to DPOF Version 1.1
Custom Functions

14 Custom Functions with 34 settings settable with the camera
Custom Controls

Functions can be assigned to the following control parts:
Shutter button (halfway pressing)
AE start button
AE lock button
SET button
USB Terminal

Hi-Speed USB (USB 2.0)
For PC communication
For GP-E2 connection
For Connect Station connection
Video Out Terminal

Type C (resolution switches automatically)
Video is not displayed unless the video format appropriate for the connected TV set, [NTSC] or [PAL], is set.
Extension System Terminal

3.5mm diameter stereo mini jack
Directional Stereo Microphone DM-E1 connection
Power Source

Battery Pack LP-E17 x 1
With the AC Adapter AC-E6N and DC Coupler DR-E18, AC power operation is possible.
Battery Check

Automatic battery check when the power switch is turned ON. Displayed in 4 levels.
Power Saving

Power turns off after the set time (10/30* or 30 sec., 1, 2, 4, 8 or 15 min.) of non-operation elapses
* Normally 10 sec. is set. 30 sec. will be set for function setting, Live View shooting, image playback, etc.
Date/Time Battery

Built-in secondary battery
When fully-charged, the date/time can be maintained for approx. 3 months
Recharge time: approx. 8 hrs.
To become capable to maintain the right date/time for 3 months after main battery power depletion.

Start-up Time

Approx. 0.2 sec. (based on CIPA testing standards)
Dimensions and Weight
Dimensions (W x H x D)

Approx. 5.16 x 3.93 x 3.00 in. (131.0 x 99.9 x 76.2mm)
CIPA compliant.

Approx. 19.05 oz. / 540g (including battery pack and SD memory card)
Approx. 17.39 oz. / 493g (body only)
Operating Environment
Working Temperature Range

Working Humidity Range

85% or less

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